Download The Psychobiology of Sensory Coding PDF

The Psychobiology of Sensory Coding

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Publisher : HarperCollins Publishers
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ISBN 10 : UOM:39015072148466
Pages : 679 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download The Psychobiology of Sensory Coding PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by HarperCollins Publishers. This book was released on 1973 with total page 679 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download The Psychobiology of Sensory Coding PDF

The Psychobiology of Sensory Coding

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Publisher : Psychology Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781317669012
Pages : 694 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (69 downloads)

Download The Psychobiology of Sensory Coding PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2014-06-27 with total page 694 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Originally published in 1973, this book deals with what were, even at that time, the well-known neural coding processes of the sensory transmission processes. The book was written to demonstrate the common features of the various senses. It concentrates on the most peripheral neural aspects of the senses starting with the physical transduction process and culminating in the arrival of signals at the brain.


Download The Psychobiology of Mind PDF

The Psychobiology of Mind

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Publisher : Psychology Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781317668978
Pages : 806 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (689 downloads)

Download The Psychobiology of Mind PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2014-06-27 with total page 806 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Originally published in 1978, this book develops a conceptual synthesis of the field of physiological psychology, the science specifically concerned with the relationship between the brain and the mind. It was designed to elucidate the important questions under investigation, the basic intellectual and technical problems that were encountered, and the significance of the major empirical results of the time. Of equal or even greater importance is the author’s derivation of the general principles relating brain and mind that had emerged after decades of modern research into this important question. Included in the volume are historical and philosophical perspectives on the mind-brain problem as well as extensive discussions of instruments, methodology, empirical findings and theory. Here is a powerful heuristic tool that informs the reader about the concepts and ideas implicit in this science rather than simply exhaustively listing experimental results. The author does not ignore findings; he organizes them into three broad categories – localization; representation, and learning – then emphasizes the relationships among experiments. This is a book that synthesizes, integrates, and stresses concepts, principles and problems. The careful organization of the book makes it especially useful for students of brain and mind at all levels.


Download The Uttal Tetralogy of Cognitive Neuroscience PDF

The Uttal Tetralogy of Cognitive Neuroscience

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Publisher : Psychology Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781317669043
Pages : 2995 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (69 downloads)

Download The Uttal Tetralogy of Cognitive Neuroscience PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2022-07-30 with total page 2995 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: These four volumes, originally published between 1973 and 1988, were intended to provide a broad survey of cognitive neuroscience, a field known variously as physiological psychology or psychobiology in the 1970s and 1980s when the books were written. The general goal was to summarize what was known about the relation between brain and mind at that time, with an emphasis on sensory and perceptual topics. Out of print for many years, the Tetralogy is now available again, as a set for the first time (which is as the author envisaged it), or as individual volumes. William R. Uttal was Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Michigan and Professor Emeritus of Engineering at the Arizona State University. Uttal was a prolific author whose output included 30 books and 140 scientific articles.


Download A Taxonomy of Visual Processes PDF

A Taxonomy of Visual Processes

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Publisher : Psychology Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781317668947
Pages : 1118 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (689 downloads)

Download A Taxonomy of Visual Processes PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2014-06-27 with total page 1118 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Originally published in 1981, this third volume deals with the empirical data base and the theories concerning visual perception – the set of mental responses to photic stimulation of the eyes. As the book develops, the plan was to present a general taxonomy of visual processes and phenomena. It was hoped that such a general perspective would help to bring some order to the extensive, but largely unorganized, research literature dealing with our immediate perceptual responses to visual stimuli at the time. The specific goal of this work was to provide a classification system that integrates and systematizes the data base of perceptual psychology into a comprehensive intellectual scheme by means of an eclectic, multi-level metatheory invoking several different kinds of explanation.


Download Anticipation and Medicine PDF

Anticipation and Medicine

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Publisher : Springer
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ISBN 10 : 9783319451428
Pages : 363 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (514 downloads)

Download Anticipation and Medicine PDF Full Free by Mihai Nadin and published by Springer. This book was released on 2016-10-22 with total page 363 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this book, practicing physicians and experts in anticipation present arguments for a new understanding of medicine. Their contributions make it clear that medicine is the decisive test for anticipation. The reader is presented with a provocative hypothesis: If medicine will align itself with the anticipatory condition of life, it can prompt the most important revolution in our time. To this end, all stakeholders—medical practitioners, patients, scientists, and technology developers—will have to engage in the conversation. The book makes the case for the transition from expensive, and only marginally effective, reactive treatment through “spare parts” (joint replacements, organ transplants) and reliance on pharmaceuticals (antibiotics, opiates) to anticipation-informed healthcare. Readers will understand why the current premise of treating various behavioral conditions (attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity, schizophrenia) through drugs has to be re-evaluated from the perspective of anticipation. In the manner practiced today, medicine generates dependence and long-lasting damage to those it is paid to help. As we better understand the nature of the living, the proactive view of healthcare, within which the science and art of healing fuse, becomes a social and political mandate.


Download Time, Space, and Number in Physics and Psychology (Psychology Revivals) PDF

Time, Space, and Number in Physics and Psychology (Psychology Revivals)

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Publisher : Psychology Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781317557531
Pages : 251 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (575 downloads)

Download Time, Space, and Number in Physics and Psychology (Psychology Revivals) PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2014-10-14 with total page 251 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The crux of the debate between proponents of behavioral psychology and cognitive psychology focuses on the issue of accessibility. Cognitivists believe that mental mechanisms and processes are accessible, and that their inner workings can be inferred from experimental observations of behavior. Behaviorists, on the contrary, believe that mental processes and mechanisms are inaccessible, and that nothing important about them can be inferred from even the most cleverly designed empirical studies. One argument that is repeatedly raised by cognitivists is that even though mental processes are not directly accessible, this should not be a barrier to unravelling the nature of the inner mental processes and mechanisms. Inference works for other sciences, such as physics, so why not psychology? If physics can work so successfully with their kind of inaccessibility to make enormous theoretical progress, then why not psychology? As with most previous psychological debates, there is no "killer argument" that can provide an unambiguous resolution. In its absence, author William Uttal explores the differing properties of physical and psychological time, space, and mathematics before coming to the conclusion that there are major discrepancies between the properties of the respective subject matters that make the analogy of comparable inaccessibilities a false one. This title was first published in 2008.


Download Study Guide to Accompany Physiological Psychology Brown/Wallace PDF

Study Guide to Accompany Physiological Psychology Brown/Wallace

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Publisher : Academic Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781483264448
Pages : 192 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (644 downloads)

Download Study Guide to Accompany Physiological Psychology Brown/Wallace PDF Full Free by Patricia M. Wallace and published by Academic Press. This book was released on 2013-10-22 with total page 192 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Study Guide to Accompany Physiological Psychology Brown/Wallace accompanies and supplements Brown and Wallace’s book on physiological psychology. This book discusses three key philosophical issues that provide a framework for the science of physiological psychology— mind-body problem, localization of function, and nature vs. nurture. Study and objective questions that include short answer essays, identification and definition of terms, fill-in-the-blanks, multiple choice, and matching questions are also provided to indicate the reader’s mastery of the chapters. Other topics covered include the axonal conduction, synaptic transmission, overview of the nervous system, and introduction to the senses and vision. The chemical senses, somatosensory and vestibular systems, motor system of the brain, and sexual behavior are also elaborated. This text likewise deliberates the biological rhythms and sleep and plasticity in the nervous system. This publication is valuable to students taking an introductory course in behavioral science or biology.


Download Psychomythics PDF

Psychomythics

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Publisher : Psychology Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781135623722
Pages : 219 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (237 downloads)

Download Psychomythics PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2014-04-04 with total page 219 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Psychology deals with the most complex subject matter of any science. As such, it is subject to misunderstandings, artifacts, and just simple errors of data, logic, and interpretation. This book teases out the details of some of the sources of these errors. It considers errors in psychological data and theories that arise from confusing endogenous and exogenous causal forces in perceptual research, misinterpreting the effects of inevitable natural laws as psychological phenomena, improper application of statistics and measurement, and flawed assumptions. Examples of each of these sources of error are presented and discussed. Finally, the book concludes that a return to a revitalized kind of behaviorism is preferred, rather than continuing on the current cognitive path.


Download Macroneural Theories in Cognitive Neuroscience PDF

Macroneural Theories in Cognitive Neuroscience

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Publisher : Psychology Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781317392736
Pages : 214 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (927 downloads)

Download Macroneural Theories in Cognitive Neuroscience PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2015-07-24 with total page 214 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this book, William R. Uttal continues his analysis and critique of theories of mind. This book considers theories that are based on macroneural responses (such as those obtained from fMRI) that represent the averaged or cumulative responses of many neurons. The analysis is carried out with special emphasis on the logical and conceptual difficulties in developing a theory but with special attention to some of the current attempts to go from these cumulative responses to explanations of the grand question of how the mind is generated by the brain. While acknowledging the importance of these macroneural techniques in the study of the anatomy and physiology of the brain, Uttal concludes that this macroneural approach is not likely to produce a valid neural theory of cognition because the critical information—the states of the individual neurons—involved in brain activity becoming mental activity is actually lost in the process of summation. Controversial topics are considered in detail including discussions of empirical, logical, and technological barriers to theory building in cognitive neuroscience.


Download Reliability in Cognitive Neuroscience PDF

Reliability in Cognitive Neuroscience

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Publisher : MIT Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780262018524
Pages : 255 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (185 downloads)

Download Reliability in Cognitive Neuroscience PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by MIT Press. This book was released on 2013 with total page 255 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A review of the empirical evidence shows that unreliability of research findings relating brain images and cognitive processes is widespread in cognitive neuroscience. Cognitive neuroscientists increasingly claim that brain images generated by new brain imaging technologies reflect, correlate, or represent cognitive processes. In this book, William Uttal warns against these claims, arguing that, despite its utility in anatomic and physiological applications, brain imaging research has not provided consistent evidence for correlation with cognition. Uttal bases his argument on an extensive review of the empirical literature, pointing to variability in data not only among subjects within individual experiments but also in the new meta-analytical approach that pools data from different experiments. This inconsistency of results, he argues, has profound implications for the field, suggesting that cognitive neuroscientists have not yet proven their interpretations of the relation between brain activity captured by macroscopic imaging techniques and cognitive processes; what may have appeared to be correlations may have only been illusions of association. He supports the view that the true correlates are located at a much more microscopic level of analysis: the networks of neurons that make up the brain. Uttal carries out comparisons of the empirical data at several levels of data pooling, including the meta-analytical. He argues that although the idea seems straightforward, the task of pooling data from different experiments is extremely complex, leading to uncertain results, and that little is gained by it. Uttal's investigation suggests a need for cognitive neuroscience to reevaluate the entire enterprise of brain imaging-cognition correlational studies.


Download Mind and Brain PDF

Mind and Brain

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Publisher : MIT Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780262015967
Pages : 526 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (159 downloads)

Download Mind and Brain PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by MIT Press. This book was released on 2011 with total page 526 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The search for mind-brain relationships, with a particular emphasis on distinguishing hyperbole from solid empirical results in brain imaging studies. Cognitive neuroscience explores the relationship between our minds and our brains, most recently by drawing on brain imaging techniques to align neural mechanisms with psychological processes. In Mind and Brain, William Uttal offers a critical review of cognitive neuroscience, examining both its history and modern developments in the field. He pays particular attention to the role of brain imaging--especially functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)--in studying the mind-brain relationship. He argues that, despite the explosive growth of this new mode of research, there has been more hyperbole than critical analysis of what experimental outcomes really mean. With Mind and Brain, Uttal attempts a synoptic synthesis of this substantial body of scientific literature. Uttal considers psychological and behavioral concerns that can help guide the neuroscientific discussion; work done before the advent of imaging systems; and what brain imaging has brought to recent research. Cognitive neuroscience, Uttal argues, is truly both cognitive and neuroscientific. Both approaches are necessary and neither is sufficient to make sense of the greatest scientific issue of all: how the brain makes the mind.


Download The Neuron and the Mind PDF

The Neuron and the Mind

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781317208099
Pages : 221 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (8 downloads)

Download The Neuron and the Mind PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2016-07-01 with total page 221 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book, a companion to William R. Uttal’s earlier work on macrotheories theories of mind-brain relationships, reviews another set of theories—those based on microneuronal measurements. Microneural theories maintain the integrity of individual neurons either in isolation or as participants in the great neuronal networks that make up the physical brain. Despite an almost universal acceptance by cognitive neuroscientists that the intangible mind must, in some way, be encoded by network states, Uttal shows that the problem of how the transformation occurs is not yet supported by empirical research findings at the micro as well as at the macro levels of analysis. Theories of the neuronal network survive more as metaphors than as robust explanations. This book also places special emphasis on the technological developments that stimulate these metaphors. A major conclusion drawn in this book is that it is not at all certain that the mind-brain problem is solvable in the sense that many other grand scientific problems are.


Download Neural Theories of Mind PDF

Neural Theories of Mind

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Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781000149401
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (494 downloads)

Download Neural Theories of Mind PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2020-07-25 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this fascinating book, William R. Uttal raises the possibility that, however much we learn about the anatomy and physiology of the brain and psychology, we may never be able to cross the final bridge explaining how the mind is produced by the brain. Three main classes of mind-brain theory are considered and rejected: field theories, because they are based on a superficial analogy; single cell theories, because they emerge from a massive uncontrolled experimental program; and neural net theories, because they are constrained by combinatorial complexity. To support his argument, Uttal explores the empirical and conceptual foundations of these theoretical approaches and identifies flaws in their fundamental logic. The author concludes that the problems preventing solution of the mind-brain problem are intractable, yet well within the confines of natural science.


Download Dualism PDF

Dualism

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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781135608606
Pages : 361 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (86 downloads)

Download Dualism PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2004-09-22 with total page 361 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Directed to scholars and senior-level graduate students, this book is an iconoclastic survey of the history of dualism and its impact on contemporary cognitive psychology. It argues that much of modern cognitive or mentalist psychology is built upon a cryptodualism--the idea that the mind and brain can be thought of as independent entities. This dualism pervades so much of society that it covertly influences many aspects of modern science, particularly psychology. To support the argument, the history of dualism is extended over 100,000 years--from the Paleolithic times until modern philosophical and psychological thinking. The questions regarding this topic that are answered in the book are: 1) Does dualism influence the scientific theories of psychology? 2) If so, should dualism be put aside in the search for a more objective analysis of human mentation?


Download The Detection of Nonplanar Surfaces in Visual Space PDF

The Detection of Nonplanar Surfaces in Visual Space

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Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317768371
Pages : 210 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (683 downloads)

Download The Detection of Nonplanar Surfaces in Visual Space PDF Full Free by W. R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2014-01-14 with total page 210 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: First published in 1984. This monograph is the third in a series that examines the nature of a midlevel visual process relatively uncontaminated by either peripheral receptor or central cognitive processing. The paradigm utilized in this study selectively assays what seems to be a relatively fixed algorithmic mechanism involved in the extraction of dotted stimulus-forms from masks consisting of random dots.


Download The Swimmer PDF

The Swimmer

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Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781317782421
Pages : 228 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (824 downloads)

Download The Swimmer PDF Full Free by William R. Uttal and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2014-02-25 with total page 228 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This research monograph describes a large programming project in which an underwater organism, capable of perceiving, learning, deciding, and navigating, is computationally simulated. The developed computational model serves as a contemporary theory of perceptual-motor performance, embodying much of what is known about human vision and some of what is known about other cognitive processes. This artificial intelligence project has substantial contributions to make to the development of autonomous underwater vehicles. It also makes a specific theoretical statement about the organization and nature of organic perceptual motor systems that may be useful to psychologists, neuroscientists, and theoreticians in a number of other fields.


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