Download Russia's Life-saver PDF

Russia's Life-saver

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Publisher : Lexington Books
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0739107364
Pages : 175 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (391 downloads)

Download Russia's Life-saver PDF Full Free by Albert Loren Weeks and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2004 with total page 175 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Russia's Life-Saver brilliantly examines the diplomatic rationale for and results of the U.S. decision to grant over $12 billion in Lend-Lease aid to Soviet Russia during World War II. Author Albert L. Weeks wields many facts and statistics never before published in the U.S. Of particular interest is the statement by Soviet Army Marshal Georgy K. Zhukov that U.S. Lend-Lease aid was indispensable, despite Soviet propaganda that sought to minimize its importance.


Download Russia's Life-Saver PDF

Russia's Life-Saver

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Publisher : Lexington Books
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780739160541
Pages : 186 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (65 downloads)

Download Russia's Life-Saver PDF Full Free by Albert L. Weeks and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2004-01-29 with total page 186 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: 'The United States is a country of machines. Without the use of these machines through Lend-Lease, we would lose this war.' —Josef Stalin (1943), quoted in W. Averell Harriman and Elie Abel, Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin, 1941-1946, Random House, N.Y., 1975, p. 277 The United States shipped more than $12 billion in Lend-Lease aid to Stalin's Russia during World War II. Materials lent, beginning in late 1941 before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, included airplanes and tanks, locomotives and rails, construction materials, entire military production assembly lines, food and clothing, aviation fuel, and much else. Lend-Lease is now recognized by post-Soviet Russian historians as essential to the Soviet war effort. Wielding many facts and statistics never before published in the U.S., author Albert L. Weeks keenly analyzes the diplomatic rationale for and results of this assistance. Russia's Life-Saver is a brilliant contribution to the study of U.S.-Soviet relations and its role in World War II.


Download The Ambassadors: U.S.-To-Russia/Russia-To-U.S. PDF

The Ambassadors: U.S.-To-Russia/Russia-To-U.S.

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Publisher : Lulu.com
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780557264698
Pages : 266 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (646 downloads)

Download The Ambassadors: U.S.-To-Russia/Russia-To-U.S. PDF Full Free by Lee B. Croft and published by Lulu.com. This book was released on 2010-08 with total page 266 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Russia and the United States have over two hundred years of diplomatic history and have never gone to war against each other. Here are THE AMBASSADORS who are partly responsible for this, ours to them, and theirs to us...ALL of them to date in a historical biographical book.


Download History of Alaska , Volume II PDF

History of Alaska , Volume II

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Publisher : Academica Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781680530599
Pages : 398 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (35 downloads)

Download History of Alaska , Volume II PDF Full Free by Jonathan M. Nielson, Ph.D. and published by Academica Press. This book was released on 2018-03-01 with total page 398 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The most significant military development to touch Alaska during the interwar years was the advent of air power, an innovation that completely altered Alaska's strategic position. Suddenly the world became smaller as areas once thought safely distant from potential enemies became vulnerable. Nowhere was this more evident than in the Pacific, whose countless islands became potential advanced air bases. As air technology improved, the ability of long-range bombers and, by the 1930s, of carrier aircraft, to penetrate American airspace was a development of far reaching significance. While such warnings were largely limited to a handful of air-power advocates their vocal advocacy constituted nothing less than an “insurrection”, a revolution in military thinking fought against entrenched military conservatism, cultural aversion to change, fears of budget cuts, and War Department lethargy. Indeed it was the air power crusader General Billy Mitchell who aggressively fought to convince the War and Navy Departments to embrace the new doctrine of offensive air power. Mitchell came to understand Alaska's strategic importance early on. Consequently, he saw the Aleutians as a vulnerability: if left unguarded Japan could “creep up” and, by establishing air dominance, take Alaska and Canada’s West Coast. But he also saw Alaska as a strategic base from which American planes could “reduce Tokyo to powder.” Prophetically, in 1923 Mitchell forecast precisely the military threat and strategic arguments that would shape military thinking almost twenty years later: “I am thinking of Alaska. In an air war, if we were unprepared Japan could take it away from us, first by dominating the sky and creeping up the Aleutians." By the mid-to late 1930s military and civilian advocates of air power and more visionary strategists were beginning to make their voices heard in Congress and elsewhere, decrying Alaska’s military vulnerability. Between 1933 and 1944 no one was more adamant than Alaska’s Delegate in Congress, Anthony Joseph “Tony” Dimond, who challenged the nation to defend itself by defending Alaska. To Dimond, it seemed poor strategy to fortify one pacific base, Hawaii, while ignoring another, Alaska. Dimond’s campaign was strengthened by passage of the Wilcox Bill, sponsored by Representative J. Mark Wilcox (D-Florida), officially known as the National Air Defense Act. This truly significant legislation authorized the location and construction of military airfields throughout the United States as a general defense preparedness measure. Alaska was recognized as one of the nation’s six strategic regions, and two bases, one at Anchorage, the other at Fairbanks, were recommended in part, “because Alaska was closer to Japan than it is to the center of [the] continental United States.” Fortuitously for Alaska defense advocates, General Douglas MacArthur stepped down as Chief of Staff of the Army and was replaced by Major General Malin Craig in October 1935. Craig and Brigadier General Stanley D. Embick advocated a substantial reconfiguration of Plan Orange arguing that the Philippines presented an invitation to attack and should be “neutralized” in favor defending the “Alaska-Hawaii-Panama Triangle.” Both the Army and Navy were charged with defending Alaska as far west as Dutch Harbor, and the army pledged to mobilize 6,600 troops in Alaska within a month of attack by Japan. In contemplating the defense of Alaska the Army General Staff formulated five priority objectives: first, increase the Alaska garrison; second, establish a major base for Army operations near Anchorage; third, develop a network of air bases within Alaska; fourth, garrison these bases with combat troops; and fifth, protect the naval installations at Sitka, Kodiak, and Dutch Harbor. Alaska was about to go to war.


Download Geschichte, Politik und Kultur im Ostseeraum PDF

Geschichte, Politik und Kultur im Ostseeraum

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Publisher : BWV Verlag
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ISBN 10 : 9783830517689
Pages : 251 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (176 downloads)

Download Geschichte, Politik und Kultur im Ostseeraum PDF Full Free by Jan Hecker-Stampehl and published by BWV Verlag. This book was released on 2012 with total page 251 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Putin's Virtual War PDF

Putin's Virtual War

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Publisher : Pen and Sword
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ISBN 10 : 9781526771193
Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (711 downloads)

Download Putin's Virtual War PDF Full Free by William Nester and published by Pen and Sword. This book was released on 2020-02-19 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A look at the Russian leader’s successful use of hard military and economic power and soft psychological power through information warfare, or “fake news.” Vladimir Putin has tightly ruled Russia since 31 December 1999, and will firmly assert power from the Kremlin for the foreseeable future. Many fear and loath him for his brutality, for ordering opponents imprisoned on trumped up charges and even murdered. Yet most Russians adore him for rebuilding the economy, state authority, and national pride. Putin has mastered the art of power. Depending on what is at stake, that involves the deft wielding of appropriate or “smart” ingredients of “hard” physical power like armored divisions, multinational corporations, and assassins, and “soft” psychological power like diplomats, honey-traps, cyber-trolls, and fake news factories to defeat threats and seize opportunities. Russian hackers penetrated the Democratic National Committee (DNC) and Hillary Clinton’s campaign organization, extracted tens of thousands of potentially embarrassing emails, and posted them on WikiLeaks. As the Kremlin’s latest ruler, Putin, like most of his predecessors, is as realistic as he is ruthless. He knows the limits of Russian hard and soft power while constantly trying to expand them. He is doing whatever he can to advance Russian national interests as he interprets them. In Putin’s mind, Russia can rise only as far as the West can fall. And on multiple fronts he is methodically advancing to those ends. Putin’s Virtual War reveals just how and why he does so, and the dire consequences for America, Europe, and the world beyond. “The author has set out the dangers that Putin has brought to the world in a must-read book.” —Firetrench


Download The Ghost Ships of Archangel PDF

The Ghost Ships of Archangel

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Publisher : Penguin
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780525557470
Pages : 352 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (574 downloads)

Download The Ghost Ships of Archangel PDF Full Free by William Geroux and published by Penguin. This book was released on 2019-05-14 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An extraordinary story of survival and alliance during World War II: the icy journey of four Allied ships crossing the Arctic to deliver much needed supplies to the Soviet war effort. On the fourth of July, 1942, four Allied ships traversing the Arctic separated from their decimated convoy to head further north into the ice field of the North Pole, seeking safety from Nazi bombers and U-boats in the perilous white maze of ice floes, growlers, and giant bergs. Despite the risks, they had a better chance of survival than the rest of Convoy PQ-17, a fleet of thirty-five cargo ships carrying $1 billion worth of war supplies to the Soviet port of Archangel--the limited help Roosevelt and Churchill extended to Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin to maintain their fragile alliance, even as they avoided joining the fight in Europe while the Eastern Front raged. The high-level politics that put Convoy PQ-17 in the path of the Nazis were far from the minds of the diverse crews aboard their ships. U.S. Navy Ensign Howard Carraway, aboard the SS Troubadour, was a farm boy from South Carolina and one of the many Americans for whom the convoy was to be a first taste of war; aboard the SS Ironclad, Ensign William Carter of the U.S. Navy Reserve had passed up a chance at Harvard Business School to join the Navy Armed Guard; from the Royal Navy Reserve, Lt. Leo Gradwell was given command of the HMT Ayrshire, a fishing trawler that had been converted into an antisubmarine vessel. All the while, The Ghost Ships of Archangel turns its focus on Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin, playing diplomatic games that put their ships in peril. The twenty-four-hour Arctic daylight in midsummer gave no respite from bombers, and the Germans wielded the terrifying battleship Tirpitz, nicknamed The Big Bad Wolf. Icebergs were as dangerous as Nazis. As a newly forged alliance was close to dissolving and the remnants of Convoy PQ-17 tried to slip through the Arctic in one piece, the fate of the world hung in the balance.


Download Iron Curtain Twitchers PDF

Iron Curtain Twitchers

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Publisher : Lexington Books
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781498559270
Pages : 368 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (592 downloads)

Download Iron Curtain Twitchers PDF Full Free by Jennifer M. Hudson and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2018-11-23 with total page 368 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This study examines cases of rhetorical antagonisms and collaborations between the United States and the Soviet Union throughout the Cold War. The author analyzes relations from cultural and political angles and investigates mutual perspectives at both the government and grassroots levels.


Download Friends Or Foes? PDF

Friends Or Foes?

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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : UOM:39015063352259
Pages : 434 pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Friends Or Foes? PDF Full Free by Norman E. Saul and published by . This book was released on 2006 with total page 434 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With Friends or Foes? Norman Saul continues his monumental multivolume magnum opus on U.S.-Russian relations over the course of 200 years. This fourth volume provides the first comprehensive study in any language of an era that shaped the rest of the century and captures the major changes in relations between two nations on the verge of becoming dominant global powers. Among other things, Saul examines the rationale for America's failure to recognize the Soviet government through the early 1930s, analyzing the impact of the Red Scare and the roles of the State Department, Russian migrs, religious groups, and key individuals—like Charles Evans Hughes, Robert Kelley, Herbert Hoover, Boris Skvirsky, Olga Kameneva, and Maxim Litvinov—on the policy process. In addition, he recalls the American Relief Administration's gigantic effort to help Russian peasants and garners new material from American business records on concession arrangements and commerce and on Soviet responses during the first Five Year Plan. He also records travelers' impressions, cultural exchange, and the role of academia in each country—particularly the contribution of Russian émigré scholars to American education and the contributions of American journalists in Russia. Saul also reveals the tendency on both sides to preserve an atmosphere of secrecy, conducting business behind closed doors and rarely on paper. His prodigious research in the Hoover Presidential Library, the Franklin Roosevelt Library, and the Hoover Institution at Stanford University-incorporating overlooked Diplomat Post Records and featuring an interview with George Kennan on his diplomatic role—has yielded a wealth of new insights into what really happened during a period in the history of the relations between the two countries that remains mysterious and controversial. Breaking new ground in diplomatic, economic, social, and cultural history, Saul's book illuminates both the mutual fascination that briefly permitted peaceful coexistence (and eventual alliance) and the ideological battles that ultimately led to the Cold War.


Download Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Foreign Policy PDF

Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Foreign Policy

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781442244375
Pages : 526 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (443 downloads)

Download Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Foreign Policy PDF Full Free by Norman E. Saul and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2014-12-16 with total page 526 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Foreign Policy covers the history through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries on important individuals, events, and other aspects of the foreign policy of this important country.


Download Winston Churchill and the Art of Leadership PDF

Winston Churchill and the Art of Leadership

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Publisher : Frontline Books
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ISBN 10 : 9781526781277
Pages : 288 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (812 downloads)

Download Winston Churchill and the Art of Leadership PDF Full Free by William Nester and published by Frontline Books. This book was released on 2020-09-30 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Many indeed, are the biographies of Winston Churchill, one of the most influential figures of the twentieth century. But what was that influence and how did he use it in the furtherance of his and his country’s ambitions? For the first time, Professor William Nestor has delved into the life and actions of Churchill to examine just how skillfully he manipulated events to placed him in positions of power. His thirst for power stirred political controversy wherever he intruded. Those who had to deal directly with him either loved or hated him. His enemies condemned him for being an egoist, publicity hound, double-dealer, and Machiavellian, accusations that his friends and even he himself could not deny. He could only serve Britain as a statesman and a reformer because he was a wily politician who won sixteen of twenty-one elections that he contested between 1899 and 1955. The House of Commons was Churchill's political temple where he exalted in the speeches and harangues on the floor and the backroom horse-trading and camaraderie. Most of his life he was a Cassandra, warning against the threats of Communism, Nazism, and nuclear Armageddon. With his ability to think beyond mental boxes and connect far-flung dots, he clearly foretold events to which virtually everyone else was oblivious. Yet he was certainly not always right and was at times spectacularly wrong. This is the first book that explores how Churchill understood and asserted the art of power, mostly through hundreds of his own insights expressed through his speeches and writings.


Download American Betrayal PDF

American Betrayal

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Publisher : St. Martin's Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781250017550
Pages : 416 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (175 downloads)

Download American Betrayal PDF Full Free by Diana West and published by St. Martin's Press. This book was released on 2013-05-28 with total page 416 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In The Death of the Grown-Up, Diana West diagnosed the demise of Western civilization by looking at its chief symptom: our inability to become adults who render judgments of right and wrong. In American Betrayal, West digs deeper to discover the root of this malaise and uncovers a body of lies that Americans have been led to regard as the near-sacred history of World War II and its Cold War aftermath. Part real-life thriller, part national tragedy, American Betrayal lights up the massive, Moscow-directed penetration of America's most hallowed halls of power, revealing not just the familiar struggle between Communism and the Free World, but the hidden war between those wishing to conceal the truth and those trying to expose the increasingly official web of lies. American Betrayal is America's lost history, a chronicle that pits Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Dwight David Eisenhower, and other American icons who shielded overlapping Communist conspiracies against the investigators, politicians, defectors, and others (including Senator Joseph McCarthy) who tried to tell the American people the truth. American Betrayal shatters the approved histories of an era that begins with FDR's first inauguration, when "happy days" are supposed to be here again, and ends when we "win" the Cold War. It is here, amid the rubble, where Diana West focuses on the World War II--Cold War deal with the devil in which America surrendered her principles in exchange for a series of Big Lies whose preservation soon became the basis of our leaders' own self-preservation. It was this moral surrender to deception and self-deception, West argues, that sent us down the long road to moral relativism, "political correctness," and other cultural ills that have left us unable to ask the hard questions: Does our silence on the crimes of Communism explain our silence on the totalitarianism of Islam? Is Uncle Sam once again betraying America? In American Betrayal, Diana West shakes the historical record to bring down a new understanding of our past, our present, and how we have become a nation unable to know truth from lies.


Download Assured Victory: How

Assured Victory: How "Stalin the Great" Won the War, but Lost the Peace

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Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780313391668
Pages : 281 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (916 downloads)

Download Assured Victory: How "Stalin the Great" Won the War, but Lost the Peace PDF Full Free by Albert L. Weeks and published by ABC-CLIO. This book was released on 2011-01-19 with total page 281 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book documents dictator Joseph Stalin's brilliant tactics as well as missteps in taking preemptive actions that guaranteed ultimate victory over the German invaders. It also covers the policies implemented after the war that made the Soviet Union a menace to world peace and led to collapse of Soviet rule. • Using new archive and other original source material, this book documents how dictator Josef Stalin adroitly prepared for "assured victory" in World War II • Canvasses not only Western literature on Stalin's prewar, wartime, and postwar leadership, but also examines current post-2004 Russian histories


Download Hitler's Great Gamble PDF

Hitler's Great Gamble

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
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ISBN 10 : 9780811768481
Pages : 384 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (684 downloads)

Download Hitler's Great Gamble PDF Full Free by James Ellman and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 2019-09-01 with total page 384 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: On June 22, 1941, Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, one of the turning points of World War II. Within six months, the invasion bogged down on the outskirts of Moscow, and the Eastern Front proved to be the decisive theater in the defeat of the Third Reich. Ever since, most historians have agreed that this was Hitler’s gravest mistake. In Hitler’s Great Gamble, James Ellman argues that while Barbarossa was a gamble and perverted by genocidal Nazi ideology, it was not doomed from the start. Rather it represented Hitler’s best chance to achieve his war aims for Germany which were remarkably similar to those of the Kaiser’s government in 1914. Other options, such as an invasion of England, or an offensive to seize the oil fields of the Middle East were considered and discarded as unlikely to lead to Axis victory. In Ellman’s recounting, Barbarossa did not fail because of flaws in the Axis invasion strategy, the size of the USSR, or the brutal cold of the Russian winter. Instead, German defeat was due to errors of Nazi diplomacy. Hitler chose not to coordinate his plans with his most militarily powerful allies, Finland and Japan, and ensure the seizure of the ports of Murmansk and Vladivostok. Had he done so, Germany might well have succeeded in defeating the Soviet Union and, perhaps, winning World War II. Drawing on a wealth of primary and secondary sources (including many recently released), Hitler’s Great Gamble is a provocative work that will appeal to a wide cross-section of World War II buffs, enthusiasts, and historians.


Download Myths of the Cold War PDF

Myths of the Cold War

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Publisher : Lexington Books
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ISBN 10 : 9780739189702
Pages : 154 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (897 downloads)

Download Myths of the Cold War PDF Full Free by Albert L. Weeks and published by Lexington Books. This book was released on 2014-07-02 with total page 154 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this book, Albert L. Weeks provides a lucid analysis of the Cold War as he dispels the myths that have made their way into contemporary historiography on the topic, while using the conflict as a lens through which to view contemporary crises, such as Russia’s recent intervention in Ukraine.


Download The Battle for Moscow PDF

The Battle for Moscow

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781107087606
Pages : 480 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (876 downloads)

Download The Battle for Moscow PDF Full Free by David Stahel and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2015-01-22 with total page 480 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Major new account of the German drive on Moscow in November 1941, one of the most significant battles of World War II.


Download The Russian Job PDF

The Russian Job

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Publisher : Pan Macmillan
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ISBN 10 : 9781509882885
Pages : 343 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (828 downloads)

Download The Russian Job PDF Full Free by Douglas Smith and published by Pan Macmillan. This book was released on 2019-11-14 with total page 343 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The gripping human story of how American volunteers fought famine in Bolshevik Russia, saving Lenin’s revolutionary government from chaos and millions of people from starvation. 'Brilliant, disturbing . . . an important story that needed to be told. A fast-moving and most compelling read.' - Helen Rappaport, author of The Race to Save the Romanovs In 1921, after six years of unrelenting war and revolution, Russia was in ruins. The economy had collapsed, the country was ravaged by disease and starvation claimed the lives of millions. People were so desperate for food that there were reports of cannibalism, reports that were revealed to be horribly accurate. Remarkably, it was a young American aid worker who uncovered the truth and, even more remarkably, it was the US-backed charity that had sent him to Russia that would save Lenin’s fledgling government by feeding his people. In The Russian Job, acclaimed historian Douglas Smith tells the gripping story of how an American charity fought the Russian famine. Backed by $20 million from the US government, and founded by Herbert Hoover, US Secretary of Commerce, the American Relief Administration recruited more than three hundred young Americans, many of them war veterans. They would oversee the distribution of food, clothing and medical supplies to people throughout Russia’s vast landmass, saving millions of lives. Vividly written, with a rich cast of characters and a deep understanding of the period, The Russian Job shines a bright light on this strange and shadowy moment in history.