Download Black Athena Writes Back PDF

Black Athena Writes Back

Author :
Publisher : Duke University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0822327171
Pages : 550 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (223 downloads)

Download Black Athena Writes Back PDF Full Free by Martin Bernal and published by Duke University Press. This book was released on 2001-09-20 with total page 550 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Responds to the debates set off by the author's 1987 publication of "Black Athena," arguing that Greek civilization was heavily influence by Afroasiatic cultures, and provides additional information to support the thesis while lashing out against the inherent racism of traditional scholarship.


Download Black Athena Writes Back PDF

Black Athena Writes Back

Author :
Publisher : Duke University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780822380078
Pages : 576 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (8 downloads)

Download Black Athena Writes Back PDF Full Free by Martin Bernal and published by Duke University Press. This book was released on 2001-08-30 with total page 576 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Black Athena Writes Back Martin Bernal responds to the passionate debates set off by the 1987 publication of his book Black Athena. Producing a shock wave of reaction from scholars, Black Athena argued that the development of Greek civilization was heavily influenced by Afroasiatic civilizations. Moreover, Bernal asserted that this knowledge had been deliberately obscured by the rampant racism of nineteenth-century Europeans who could not abide the notion that Greek society—for centuries recognized as the originating culture of Europe—had its origins in Africa and Southwest Asia. The subsequent rancor among classicists over Bernal’s theory and accusations was picked up in the popular media, and his suggestion that Greek culture had its origin in Africa was widely derided. In a report on 60 Minutes, for example, it was suggested that Bernal’s hypothesis was essentially an attempt to provide blacks with self-esteem so that they would feel included in the march of progress. In Black Athena Writes Back Bernal provides additional documentation to back up his thesis, as well as offering persuasive explanations of why traditional scholarship on the subject remains inaccurate and why specific arguments lobbed against his theories are themselves faulty. Black Athena Writes Back requires no prior familiarity with either the Black Athena hypothesis or with the arguments advanced against it. It will be essential reading for those who have been following this long-running debate, as well as for those just discovering this fascinating subject.


Download Black Athena: The linguistic evidence PDF

Black Athena: The linguistic evidence

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Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780813536552
Pages : 807 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (365 downloads)

Download Black Athena: The linguistic evidence PDF Full Free by Martin Bernal and published by Rutgers University Press. This book was released on 1987 with total page 807 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Synopsis: Could Greek philosophy be rooted in Egyptian thought? Is it possible that the Pythagorean theory was conceived on the shores of the Nile and the Euphrates rather than in ancient Greece? Could it be that Western civilization was born on the so-called Dark Continent? For almost two centuries, Western scholars have given little credence to the possibility of such scenarios. In Black Athena, an audacious three-volume series that strikes at the heart of today's most heated culture wars, Martin Bernal challenges Eurocentric attitudes by calling into question two of the longest-established explanations for the origins of classical civilization. The Aryan Model, which is current today, claims that Greek culture arose as the result of the conquest from the north by Indo-European speakers, or "Aryans," of the native "pre-Hellenes." The Ancient Model, which was maintained in Classical Greece, held that the native population of Greece had initially been civilized by Egyptian and Phoenician colonists and that additional Near Eastern culture had been introduced to Greece by Greeks studying in Egypt and Southwest Asia. Moving beyond these prevailing models, Bernal proposes a Revised Ancient Model, which suggests that classical civilization in fact had deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures.


Download The End of the West and Other Cautionary Tales PDF

The End of the West and Other Cautionary Tales

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Publisher : Columbia University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780231541404
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (414 downloads)

Download The End of the West and Other Cautionary Tales PDF Full Free by Sean Meighoo and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2016-04-19 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Most historical accounts of "the West" take it for granted that the guiding principles of the Western tradition—reason, progress, and freedom—have been passed down directly from ancient Greece to modern Europe, evolving in isolation from all non-Western cultures. Today, many political analysts and cultural critics maintain that the Western tradition is fast approaching its end, for better or worse, as it becomes more and more integrated with non-Western cultures in an increasingly globalized world. But what if we are witnessing something else entirely—not the "end" of the West but rather another historical mutation of the idea of the West itself? This groundbreaking work shows that whether the West is hailed as the source of all historical progress or scorned as the root of all cultural imperialism, it remains a deeply problematic concept that is intrinsically connected to an ethnocentric view of the world. In a critical reading of the continental philosophers Husserl, Heidegger, Levinas, and Derrida as well as the postcolonial thinkers Said, Mohanty, Bhabha, and Trinh, Sean Meighoo strikes at the intellectual foundations of Western exceptionalism until its ideological supports show through. Deconstructing the concept of the West in his provocative interpretations of Martin Bernal's controversial publication Black Athena and the Beatles' second film Help!, Meighoo poses a formidable question to philosophers, writers, political analysts, and cultural critics alike: Can we mount an effective critique of Western ethnocentrism without reinforcing the very idea of the West?


Download Black Athena PDF

Black Athena

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Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781978804296
Pages : 1018 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (42 downloads)

Download Black Athena PDF Full Free by Martin Bernal and published by Rutgers University Press. This book was released on 2020-02-14 with total page 1018 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Black Athena, an audacious three-volume series, strikes at the heart of today's most heated culture wars. Martin Bernal challenges Eurocentric attitudes by calling into question conventional explanations for the origins of classical civilization. Provocative, passionate, and colossal in scope, this thoughtful rewriting of history continues to stir academic and political controversy.


Download Black Athena Comes of Age PDF

Black Athena Comes of Age

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Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
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ISBN 10 :
Pages : pages
Rating : 4./5 ( downloads)

Download Black Athena Comes of Age PDF Full Free by and published by LIT Verlag Münster. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:


Download Race PDF

Race

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9780755697861
Pages : 264 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (978 downloads)

Download Race PDF Full Free by Denise Eileen McCoskey and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2021-03-25 with total page 264 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: How do different cultures think about race? In the modern era, racial distinctiveness has been assessed primarily in terms of a person's physical appearance. But it was not always so. As Denise McCoskey shows, the ancient Greeks and Romans did not use skin colour as the basis for categorising ethnic disparity. The colour of one's skin lies at the foundation of racial variability today because it was used during the heyday of European exploration and colonialism to construct a hierarchy of civilizations and then justify slavery and other forms of economic exploitation. Assumptions about race thus have to take into account factors other than mere physiognomy. This is particularly true in relation to the classical world. In fifth century Athens, racial theory during the Persian Wars produced the categories 'Greek' and 'Barbarian', and set them in brutal opposition to one another: a process that could be as intense and destructive as 'black and 'white' in our own age. Ideas about race in antiquity were therefore completely distinct but as closely bound to political and historical contexts as those that came later. This provocative book boldly explores the complex matrices of race - and the differing interpretations of ancient and modern - across epic, tragedy and the novel. Ranging from Theocritus to Toni Morrison, and from Tacitus and Pliny to Bernal's seminal study Black Athena, this is a powerful and original new assessment.


Download Race and Ethnicity PDF

Race and Ethnicity

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Publisher : BRILL
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ISBN 10 : 9789004139916
Pages : 501 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (399 downloads)

Download Race and Ethnicity PDF Full Free by Rodney D. Coates and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2004-01-01 with total page 501 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This edited volume provides a critical re-appraisal of race and ethnicity through a multi-disciplinarian, geographically varied, and historically diverse set of lenses. This approach allows for a resituation and recontextualization of our understaning of race, ethnicity and the processes by which and through which they change.


Download Classics, the Culture Wars, and Beyond PDF

Classics, the Culture Wars, and Beyond

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Publisher : University of Michigan Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780472130153
Pages : 292 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (31 downloads)

Download Classics, the Culture Wars, and Beyond PDF Full Free by Eric Adler and published by University of Michigan Press. This book was released on 2016-11 with total page 292 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Beginning with a short intellectual history of the academic culture wars, Eric Adler’s book examines popular polemics including those by Allan Bloom and Dinesh D’Souza, and considers the oddly marginal role of classical studies in these conflicts. In presenting a brief history of classics in American education, the volume sheds light on the position of the humanities in general. Adler dissects three significant controversies from the era: the so-called AJP affair, which supposedly pitted a conservative journal editor against his feminist detractors; the brouhaha surrounding Martin Bernal’s contentious Black Athena project; and the dustup associated with Victor Davis Hanson and John Heath’s fire-breathing jeremiad, Who Killed Homer? He concludes by considering these controversies as a means to end the crisis for classical studies in American education. How can the study of antiquity—and the humanities—thrive in the contemporary academy? This book provides workable solutions to end the crisis for classics and for the humanities as well. This major work also includes findings from a Web survey of American classical scholars, offering the first broadly representative impression of what they think about their discipline and its prospects for the future. Adler also conducted numerous in-depth interviews with participants in the controversies discussed, allowing readers to gain the most reliable information possible about these controversies. Those concerned about the liberal arts and the best way to educate young Americans should read this book. Accessible and jargon-free, this narrative of scholarly scandals and their context makes for both enjoyable and thought-provoking reading.


Download Geography of a Life PDF

Geography of a Life

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Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781465363749
Pages : 492 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (637 downloads)

Download Geography of a Life PDF Full Free by Martin Bernal and published by Xlibris Corporation. This book was released on 2012-07 with total page 492 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An Astonishing work, breathtakingly bold in conception and passionately written . . . salutary, exciting and in its historiographical aspects convincing.' (G. W Bowersock, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.) Demands to be taken seriously . . . Every page that Bernal writes is educating and enthralling. To agree with all his theses may be a sign of naivety, but not to have spent time in his company is a sign of nothing at all.' (Ray, Herbert Thompson Reader in Egyptology, University of Cambridge.) Anticipation of Geography of a Life' Martin Bernal himself has avowed that Black Athena owes its conception to a mid-life crisis. Now that he has overcome this set-back with obvious success, one hopes he will live long enough to follow the example set by his mother Margaret Gardiner and his grandfather Sir Alan (Gardiner), who both wrote their memoirs in their eighties. I have no doubt that Bernal's autobiography will generate more interest among educated lay persons and less irritation among scholars than any future volume of Black Athena.' (Arno Egberts, Professor of Egyptology, University of Leiden.)


Download Invented Knowledge PDF

Invented Knowledge

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Publisher : Reaktion Books
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781861896742
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (967 downloads)

Download Invented Knowledge PDF Full Free by Ronald H. Fritze and published by Reaktion Books. This book was released on 2009-05-15 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This incredible exploration of the murky world of pseudo-history reveals the mix of proven facts, informed speculation, and pure fiction behind lost continents, ancient super-civilizations, and conspiratorial cover-ups—as well as the revisionist historical foundations of religions such as the Nation of Islam and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Drawing on the best scholarship available, Ronald H. Fritze shows that in spite of strong, mainstream historical evidence to the contrary, many of these ideas have proved durable and gained widespread acceptance. As the examples in Invented Knowledge reveal, pseudo-historians capitalize on and exploit anomalies in evidence to support their claims, rather than examining the preponderance of research as a whole.


Download White Athena PDF

White Athena

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Publisher : iUniverse
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781491757895
Pages : 592 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (578 downloads)

Download White Athena PDF Full Free by Walter Slack and published by iUniverse. This book was released on 2015-06-26 with total page 592 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Return to the fray of the Afrocentrist movement in the second volume of White Athena. Walter Slack follows up his first volume, which took to task those who claim that the Greeks and others stole their philosophy, science, and culture from black Africans—arguing that the world needs to give credit to the right people. This volume is much less a comparison of diverse philosophies and cosmologies, and much more an evaluation of claims regarding imagined imports of technical, cultural, religious, and practical artifacts. Slack examines numerous Afrocentrist claims, including that cultural tutors from black Africa roamed early Europe, Muslim Spain, and pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and even traveled to ancient China with all sorts of cultural, intellectual, and scientific contributions. The author concludes that most damaging to the credibility of Afrocentrists is their willingness to adopt any and every theory that supports their ideological thesis of African cultural supremacy—overtly or covertly—based upon race. Open your mind to an honest and impartial view of world history with White Athena, Volume 2.


Download Konversionen PDF

Konversionen

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Publisher : Rodopi
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9042019530
Pages : 259 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (42 downloads)

Download Konversionen PDF Full Free by Iris Därmann and published by Rodopi. This book was released on 2004 with total page 259 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Unter dem Begriff der Konversionen erkundet dieser kulturwissenschaftliche Band Formen einer Umkehrung, die einsetzt, wenn die Erfahrung des Beobachtetwerdens als zentraler Bestandteil von Fremderfahrungen anerkannt wird. In den versammelten Texten wird ausgeführt, wie diese aus der ethnologischen Feldforschung gewonnene Erinnerung als Vorbild für andere disziplinäre Perspektiven dienen kann. Die Ethnologie liefert dabei den viel zu lange vernachlässigten Hinweis auf die Wichtigkeit des Blicks des anderen in der Fremderfahrung; die philosophische Perspektive auf interkulturelle Dialoge liefert den Hinweis auf die Wichtigkeit des Sprechens des anderen. Aus diesen Hinweisen ergeben sich Ansprüche an ethnographische und literarische Texte und an andere wissenschaftliche Disziplinen sowie an eine angemessene Lektürepraxis. Die Texte des vorliegenden Bandes versuchen, diese Ansprüche exemplarisch einzulösen. Sie zeigen in einer neuartigen interdisziplinären Zusammenstellung sowohl einzelne Fälle der Umkehrung von Blickrichtungen als auch das Prinzip der Kritik und Erweiterung einer eurozentristischen Philosophie durch die Einführung einer ethnologischen und interkulturellen Perspektive.


Download British Romantic Literature and the Emerging Modern Greek Nation PDF

British Romantic Literature and the Emerging Modern Greek Nation

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319904405
Pages : 221 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (44 downloads)

Download British Romantic Literature and the Emerging Modern Greek Nation PDF Full Free by Alexander Grammatikos and published by Springer. This book was released on 2018-05-24 with total page 221 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: British Romantic Literature and the Emerging Modern Greek Nation makes an original contribution to the field of British Romantic Hellenism (and Romanticism more broadly) by emphasizing the diversity of Romantic-era writers’ attitudes towards, and portrayals of, Modern Greece. Whereas, traditionally, studies of British Romantic Hellenism have predominantly focused on Europe’s preoccupation with an idealized Ancient Greece, this study emphasizes the nuanced and complex nature of British Romantic writers’ engagements with Modern Greece. Specifically, the book emphasizes the ways that early nineteenth-century British literature about contemporary Greece helped to strengthen British-Greek intercultural relations and, ultimately, to situate Greece within a European sphere of influence.


Download World History through Case Studies PDF

World History through Case Studies

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781350042629
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (426 downloads)

Download World History through Case Studies PDF Full Free by Dave Eaton and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2019-09-19 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This innovative textbook demystifies the subject of world history through a diverse range of case studies. Each chapter looks at an event, person, or place commonly included in comprehensive textbooks, from prehistory to the present and from across the globe – from the Kennewick Man to gladiators and modern-day soccer and globalization – and digs deeper, examining why historians disagree on the subject and why their debates remain relevant today. By taking the approach of 'unwrapping the textbook,' David Eaton reveals how historians think, making it clear that the past is not nearly as tidy as most textbooks suggest. Provocative questions like whether ancient Greece was shaped by contact with Egypt provide an entry point into how history professors may sharply disagree on even basic narratives, and how historical interpretations can be influenced by contemporary concerns. By illuminating these historiographical debates, and linking them to key skills required by historians, World History through Case Studies shows how the study of history is relevant to a new generation of students and teachers.


Download Black Dionysus PDF

Black Dionysus

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Publisher : McFarland
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0786451599
Pages : 272 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (864 downloads)

Download Black Dionysus PDF Full Free by Kevin J. Wetmore, Jr. and published by McFarland. This book was released on 2010-03-22 with total page 272 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Many playwrights, authors, poets and historians have used images, metaphors and references to and from Greek tragedy, myth and epic to describe the African experience in the New World. The complex relationship between ancient Greek tragedy and modern African American theatre is primarily rooted in America, where the connection between ancient Greece and ancient Africa is explored and debated the most. The different ways in which Greek tragedy has been used by playwrights, directors and others to represent and define African American history and identity are explored in this work. Two models are offered for an Afro-Greek connection: Black Orpheus, in which the Greek connection is metaphorical, expressing the African in terms of the European; and Black Athena, in which ancient Greek culture is "reclaimed" as part of an Afrocentric tradition. African American adaptations of Greek tragedy on the continuum of these two models are then discussed, and plays by Peter Sellars, Adrienne Kennedy, Lee Breuer, Rita Dove, Jim Magnuson, Ernest Ferlita, Steve Carter, Silas Jones, Rhodessa Jones and Derek Walcott are analyzed. The concepts of colorblind and nontraditional casting and how such practices can shape the reception and meaning of Greek tragedy in modern American productions are also covered.


Download African Americans and the Classics PDF

African Americans and the Classics

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781788315791
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (157 downloads)

Download African Americans and the Classics PDF Full Free by Margaret Malamud and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2019-01-24 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A new wave of research in black classicism has emerged in the 21st century that explores the role played by the classics in the larger cultural traditions of black America, Africa and the Caribbean. Addressing a gap in this scholarship, Margaret Malamud investigates why and how advocates for abolition and black civil rights (both black and white) deployed their knowledge of classical literature and history in their struggle for black liberty and equality in the United States. African Americans boldly staked their own claims to the classical world: they deployed texts, ideas and images of ancient Greece, Rome and Egypt in order to establish their authority in debates about slavery, race, politics and education. A central argument of this book is that knowledge and deployment of Classics was a powerful weapon and tool for resistance-as improbable as that might seem now-when wielded by black and white activists committed to the abolition of slavery and the end of the social and economic oppression of free blacks. The book significantly expands our understanding of both black history and classical reception in the United States.


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